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Photo of Euphemia Culbert Cunningham

Euphemia Culbert Cunningham

Forewoman in the Nitro-Glycerine Section
Birthplace Midlothian Edinburgh ScotlandBirthplace Wellington New Zealand Date of Birth: January 19, 1892 Date of Death: August 2, 1989



Known as ‘EFFIE’

Gender: Female
Date and Place of Birth:  6th June 1892 at Abbey Hill, Edinburgh
Date and Place of Death: 2 August 1989 age 97 years at Wellington, NZ
Nationality:  Scottish – but lived in New Zealand for the majority of her life.

Childhood:  Effie was one of 10 children:

She had 2 step-brothers, William born 1878 and Joseph born 1880.

Effie’s full siblings were:

James b.1885 who was killed at Fleurabaix 10th October 1915

John b.1886 missing/killed Quintishill train disaster  22nd  May 1915

Agnes b.1888

Andrew b.1889

Richard b.1890 killed at Loos 25th September 1915

Marion b.1895

Jessie b.1898

William had been married previously to Robina Boyle. She died 1882 aged 29.  William and Margaret were married three years later.
Parent’s occupations: William was an Engine Cleaner but had been a Soldier:
Schools / universities attended and years of attendance: Nil Known
Occupation: Munitions Woker
Place of residence at Gretna: Not known
Job title at Gretna:  Forewoman in the Nitro-Glycerine section at HM factory
Marital status: Effie married Thomas Baxter in Edinburgh in 1921
Children: Thomas and Rachel had a family but details not known.
Travels:  In 1924 Thomas and Effie emigrated to New Zealand
Awards/recognitions: awarded OBE for courage whilst working in munitions


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